The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force is an independent panel of experts in primary care and prevention who systematically reviews the evidence of effectiveness and develops recommendations for clinical preventive services. These reviews are published as U.S. Preventive Services Task Force A and B recommendations. As of 2019, the USPSTF cancer screening recommendations include breast, cervical, colorectal, and lung.
Patient navigators, sometimes called systems navigators, provide culturally sensitive assistance and care coordination, determining individual barriers and guiding patients through available medical, insurance, and social support systems. According to the County Health Rankings, there is strong scientific support that having patient navigators increases cancer screening. Other potential benefits include improved cancer care and access to care.
Sources:https://www.countyhealthrankings.org/take-action-to-improve-health/what-works-for-health/strategies/patient-navigators, https://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/, https://www.thecommunityguide.org/
Cancer reoccurrence rates for cancer survivors can be as low as 9% (child leukemia depending on risk) and as high as nearly 100% (Glioblastoma cancers). For Breast cancer survivors, recurrence is 30% overall. Studies show that cancer survivors do not receive the appropriate oncology and primary care services. Monitoring recurrence and remission, addressing the late effects of cancer treatment, managing co-morbidities, and conducting routine screenings requires that cancer survivors have adequate routine medical care.
Sources:https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0101/p29.htmlhttps://www.cancertherapyadvisor.com/home/tools/fact-sheets/cancer-recurrence-statistics/, https://www.uptodate.com/contents/overview-of-cancer-survivorship-care-for-primary-care-and-oncology-providers, https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/survivors/life-after-cancer/survivorship-care-plans.htm
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