The State of Alaska Suicide prevention plan was developed through input from stakeholders and is aligned with the National Strategy for Suicide Prevention and the Alaska Native National Suicide Prevention Strategic Plan (2011-2015). State of Alaska Suicide Prevention Plan: Recasting the Net, Promoting Wellness to Prevent Suicide in Alaska 2018-2022
Sources:https://theactionalliance.org/our-strategy/national-strategy-suicide-prevention https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/suicidetechnicalpackage.pdf http://dhss.alaska.gov/SuicidePrevention/Documents/pdfs/Recasting-the-Net-Promoting-Wellness-to-Prevention-Suicide-2018-2022.pdf www.meansmatter.org http://www.pc-cares.org/http://www.sprc.org/http://www.dhss.alaska.gov/Commissioner/Documents/MentalHealth/StrengtheningSystem-CompPlan_2020-24.pdf
Identifying people at risk of suicide and the continued provision of treatment and support for these individuals can positively impact suicide and its associated risk factors. Preventing Suicide: A Technical Package of Policy, Programs and Practices (2017) https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/suicidetechnicalpackage.pdfIn February 2016, the Joint Commission, the accrediting organization for health care programs in hospitals throughout the United States, issued a Sentinel Event Alert recommending that all medical patients in all medical settings (inpatient hospital units, outpatient practices, emergency departments) be screened for suicide risk. Using valid suicide risk screening tools that have been tested in the medical setting and with youth, will help clinicians accurately detect who is at risk and who needs further intervention.
“The Zero Suicide framework is a system-wide, organizational commitment to safer suicide care in health and behavioral health care systems.” https://zerosuicide.edc.org/
National Strategy for Suicide PreventionWeb link: https://theactionalliance.org/our-strategy/national-strategy-suicide-prevention
Alaska has many groups working on mitigating ACEs, trauma prevention, and community resilience & wellness. For more information on this and other resources, and updates on what is happening around the state, visit the “Overcoming ACEs in Alaska” website, www.dhss.alaska.gov/abada/ace-ak.The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention hosts the website for the Adverse Childhood Experiences study.http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/acestudy/index.htmlDube, S.R., Anda, R.F., Felitti, V.J., Chapman, D., Williamson, D.F., Giles, W.H. (2001) Childhood abuse, household dysfunction and the risk of attempted suicide throughout the life span: Findings from Adverse Childhood Experiences Study JAMA 2001;286:3089–3096Vulnerable populations tend to experience suicidal behavior at higher than average rates. Such vulnerable populations include: low socioeconomic status and living with a mental health problem, people who have previously attempted suicide, Veterans and active duty military, individuals who are institutionalized, have been victims of violence, or are homeless, individuals of a sexual minority status, and members of certain racial and ethnic minority groups.https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/suicidetechnicalpackage.pdf
The research and practices related to increasing protective factors to impact adolescent health and development are summarized in: Addressing a Crisis: Cross Sector Strategies to Prevent Adolescent Substance Use and Suicide (2019); Fostering Healthy Mental, Emotional and Behavioral Development in Children and Youth: A National Agenda (2019); Connecting the Dots: An Overview of the Links among Multiple Forms of Violence (2014); School Connectedness: Strategies for Increasing Protective Factors among Youth (2006), Shared Risk and Protective Factors Impacting Adolescent Behavior and Development (2019). Research related to risk and protective factors for suicide are summarized in Preventing Suicide: A Technical Package of Policy, Programs and Practices (2017) SPRC – protective factors.
Sources:https://www.tfah.org/report-details/adsandadolescents/; https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/connecting_the_dots-a.pdf; https://safealaskans.org/our-work/tools-resources/ ; https://www.countyhealthrankings.org/https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/suicidetechnicalpackage.pdf
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